Detailed description of chamora turusi strawberries


There has not been as much controversy and discussion about any other strawberry variety as Chamora Turusi. Large berries, reaching the size of a small apple, raise doubts about the origin. Feeling, however, quickly gives way to admiration after the first try.

The aroma of wild strawberries and the delicate structure of the pulp cannot leave any gourmet indifferent.

Description of the chamora turusi variety

The variety was bred presumably by Japanese breeders who crossed two "giants" with each other. The information is not known for certain, whether these are the fruits of the labors of scientists, or farmers.

The bush grows tall with a powerful spreading crown of bright green leaves and long whiskers. Peduncles are thick, greenery and flowers are large.

The yield of a mid-late culture from a bush is from 1.8 to 3 kg, berry weight from 80 to 110 grams... Chamora Turusi ripens relatively late - in the second half of July (15-25 days).

The duration of fruiting and the quality of the berries depend on the care of the plant, in favorable conditions it is 1-2 months.

In the first year after planting, the bushes are not allowed to bloom, flowers and peduncles are removed with a sharp knife. The next two years, strawberries pleases with a bountiful harvest and large fruits. For 4-5 years, the sizes are reduced, as well as the period of fruiting. This is a kind of signal to transplant into more nutritious soil.

The climate for growing berries is moderate, the soil is fertile. Craftsmen gardeners manage to grow chamora turusi in northern conditions. True, the fruiting season is short, and the fruits weigh on average 35-50 g. Such an achievement becomes possible thanks to frost resistance of the variety.

But it is not worth planting tubers in regions with a hot climate, the plant dies from drying out of the soil. According to gardeners' reviews, the plant does not freeze without a special shelter at -33 degrees... When agrofibre is used, the yield increases. The culture can withstand winter with dignity with proper preparation and care.

You should not plant tubers in lowlands and places with high groundwater levels. The root system dies from waterlogging.

Characteristics of berries

Chamora turusi berry has a rounded-conical shape with folds and scallops. The average weight is 80 grams, but with proper agricultural technology, you can get fruits 110-130 gr.

Ripe strawberries are characterized by a dark red color with a brownish tint. The smell is pronounced strawberry. In August, the bed is abundantly covered with fruits, the picture is downright alluring for children and adults.

The culture manages to bear fruit without proper care, but the weight of the fruit in this case rarely exceeds 40-50 grams. In one place, strawberries bear fruit up to 12 years old with the most primitive watering.

This fact is not considered in the context of lack of finickyness. On the contrary, this variety is not for the lazy. He rather demanding, gentle and even moody.

Breeding history and growing region

The pedigree of strawberries is not known for certain, but it is believed that the hybrid was bred by selection by Japanese scientists using Gigantella Maxim or Queen Elizabeth.

Similarities with varieties are also mentioned in the scientific description. Therefore, Japan is considered to be the birthplace of Chamora Turusi.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

To make the picture about the variety clearer, you need to familiarize yourself with the advantages and disadvantages of the culture.

The main characteristics of chamora turusi include:

  • big sizes berries with a pronounced strawberry aroma and taste;
  • fruits are strong, easily tolerate transportation, while maintaining integrity;
  • it can grow and bear fruit in one place for many years;
  • frost resistance;
  • the culture is not demanding on bait;
  • resistance to the formation of powdery mildew.

When growing strawberries, it is worth considering its weaknesses:

  • sensitivity to watering at different stages of bush development;
  • can attack ticks and slugs;
  • a vast territory is needed for disembarkation;
  • concomitant diseases: verticillosis, gray rot, brown and white spots.

Compliance with the general rules for the care of the variety prevents the occurrence of most of the listed problems.

Nuances of growing Japanese strawberries

The rules for growing chamora turusi are, in general, similar to other varieties of strawberries. But there are still some features. They should be taken into account in order to avoid unpleasant surprises.

  • When planning the beds special attention is paid to the distance between bushes... In a thickened culture, pests take root well, fungal diseases develop. The recommended spacing between tubers is 30x60 cm... In regions where high humidity is observed most of the time, the indicator increases to 50 cm.
  • The presence of low sides on the beds (20-25 cm) allows you to fix agrofibre to obtain an earlier harvest and protect plants from late frosts.
  • Before planting seedlings, the soil necessarily enriched organic matter or mineral fertilizers. Chamora Turusi loves nutritious soil.
  • Watering during fruiting is reduced. Excessive irrigation affects the palatability of the berries.
  • Tubers not worth deepening into the soil. This can provoke the formation of gray mold. Also, improper planting reduces the palatability of the berries.

Planting seedlings

The place for planting seedlings is selected well lit (at least 12 hours a day). In areas with slopes, elevation is preferred. Wetlands and saline soil types are not suitable.

The soil must be thoroughly loosened and enriched with humus or other organic matter. Chamora Turusi also loves: mineral fertilizers, mullein, chicken droppings (use dosed and very carefully so as not to burn the plant).

When marking the beds, it is worth adhering to the recommended intervals between tubers: 35x60 cm (for 1m2 for 4 plants).

Wells do not need to be made too deep, 12-15 cm is enough. The success of growing a culture depends, in particular, on the quality of the planting material. Experienced farmers recommend giving preference to rosettes obtained from the first tendril bud.

Planting the shoot in a plastic cup filled with peat is considered ideal rooting conditions. The seedling is placed in the ground together with a lump so that the plant experiences less stress. If the quality of the seedlings is in doubt, the root system should be treated with a growth stimulator (Radifarm solution).

Planting time for strawberries depends on climatic conditions.

In the middle lane it can be done In the end of August, and in warm regions characterized by little snow in winter, in May.

In a temperate climate, preference is given to the autumn period, when the most favorable temperature regime and humidity level are established. Experts recommend preparing the beds in the fall: dig up and mix the soil with dolomite flour.

Mandatory measures for planting new tubers include:

  • soaking strawberry roots in a weak solution of potassium permanganate one day before the start of work;
  • processing them in a mixture of manure and clay, followed by 2-hour drying;
  • the formation of a small mound in the hole for installing a tuber;
  • filling and compaction of soil.

After planting, strawberries are watered abundantly until the end of the stage of adaptation to the external environment.

Growing conditions

Watering

Water the plant abundantly after planting and during the flowering period.

After the beginning of fruiting, the amount of water decreases. In this case, it is important to focus not on the recommended figures, but on the degree of soil moisture.

Irrigation frequency is 1 time in 3-4 days... Strawberries, although a moisture-loving culture, can rot from an excess of moisture.

A drip system that creates a comfortable living environment is considered an ideal option. Sprinkler irrigation is also suitable. Plants need to be watered until mid-autumn, in the absence of heavy rains.

Soil and fertilizers

With proper care, strawberries begin to bear fruit. in the second year after disembarkation... Under unfavorable conditions, the harvest will be obtained in the 3rd year. To prevent drying out of the soil and rotting of ripening fruits, you need to mulch the surface of the soil with straw, sawdust or other covering material.

Often there is no need to introduce fertilizers, excess nutrition will lead to the growth of leaves, and not the development of the root system.

In the second half of August, you need to complete trimming leaves and whiskers... The surface of the soil is treated with a fungicide solution (2%). If bald spots of soil are found at the root, cover them with a substrate.

Before the onset of cold weather, the bed is covered with a layer of sawdust or any other dry wood (the thickness of the pillow is at least 5-7 cm). Alternatively, use agrofibre.

Reproduction methods

There are several ways to breed chamora turusi.

Mustache

The easiest way to get a new seedling is from a mustache. To do this, from a plant that has reached 2-3 years of age, the most promising options are selected (up to 5 pcs.), Growing closer to the outlet. They can simply be buried in the ground using a bent wire, or cut to fit into a glass of root-stimulating solution.

In the first case, the young shoot will take root after 1-1.5 months (it is separated and transplanted). In the second - through 2-3 weeks The mustache will take root and be ready to plant.

Dividing the bush

The method of dividing involves the selection of a good healthy bush for subsequent division into 2-4 parts.

Each fragment should have at least 4-5 leaves and a root 5-6 cm long. After the procedure, the separated parts are planted in open ground.

Seeds

The method of propagation by seeds is considered the most time consuming and unpredictable.

The process involves the separation of large-sized berries from the pulp for subsequent drying. Selected seeds are planted in March in a container with a substrate (universal soil, peat, humus) and covered with a lid.

For the next two weeks, the planting is stored in the refrigerator, after which it is placed on the windowsill and periodically moistened by spraying. After the formation 2 leaves the shoot is transplanted into a separate pot. And after the appearance 5-6 sheets - in open ground.

Diseases and pests

Strawberries are prone to fungal diseases, but most often it amazes verticilliasis... Treatment is not always effective, so it is better to take preventive measures in a timely manner.

Verticillosis

When a bush is damaged by verticillosis, it is noted plant wilting and the formation of yellow-red leaf spots with an almost black bloom at the tuber. Used for treatment: Benorad, Fundazol. They can treat a diseased plant no more than 3 times a season.

As a preventive measure, before planting, the root is soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. During the development period, damaged leaves and twigs are promptly removed.

Fusarium

Fusarium is manifested yellowing, fast-drying sheetsfalling apart socket. The mustache turns brown.

Used for treatment: Benomil, Benorad, Fundazol. If it was not possible to save the plant, the soil in its place is treated with Nitrofen.

As a preventive measure, the following measures are used: timely transfer of beds to more fertile soil, regular introduction of dolomite flour into the soil, spring treatment of the site with fungicide.

Gray rot

Gray rot is characterized by the formation of dark gray spots on the berrycovered with light pile with small black dots.

For treatment, drugs are used: Fundazol, Teldor, Bayleton, etc. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to observe the following rules: when planting, leave sufficient space between the tubers, rejuvenate the beds in a timely manner, do not use fresh manure for bait.

Black root rot

Rhizoctonia or black root rot affects the root system, manifests itself in the form of brown spots, drying and falling leaves.

There are no control methods for the disease, but the problem can be prevented by disinfecting the seedlings before planting and replanting the bushes to a new site.

Pests

From pests on strawberries, larvae encroach May beetle and strawberry mite... In the first case, intense yellowing and falling leaves are observed at the beginning of the season. And in the second - their deformation and twisting into tubes.

When pests are detected, you should react instantly in order to have time to save the plant. It is necessary to spray the bushes with special preparations: Karbofos, Neoron, Fitoferm, etc.

From larvae May beetle prevention will help - treatment of the beds before planting with Bazudin, Antichrushch, Aktara, planting nearby turnips, lupins and white clover. The emergence strawberry mite prevents a contrast shower (alternate spraying with hot and cold water).

Everyone can grow a large berry, one has only to show a little patience and provide the plant with proper care.


Strawberry Chamora Turusi

The variety "Chamora Turusi" began to be bred a couple of years ago and it is already getting a good harvest. The peculiarity of the variety is the size of the berries. Berries can reach 90-110 grams. Strawberries, with proper care, grow large and fragrant. Sweet, with a pronounced strawberry flavor. The aroma reminds me of wild strawberries. From 1 bush it turns out to collect from 1.5 to 3 kg of harvest. The shape of the berries is round-conical.
The greatest yield is obtained by the variety in the 2-3rd year of the bush. In the 1st year of planting the bushes, I deliberately cut off the flowers so that it can gain strength and give a good harvest for the next year. I will specially finish it geographically, so as not to confuse. Berries ripen late. This is definitely not an early variety. I have been harvesting from the end of July.
The variety does not require special care. I adhere to the standard recommendations for care - I plant it on agrotechnical fabric, treat it for diseases, fertilize it. Drip irrigation. Strawberries love water.
I plant the seedlings initially in plastic cups. I transplant into the soil only after the bushes get stronger. The variety is not resistant to fungal diseases, so this point should be taken into account when leaving. It is also worth considering that strawberries love "good" soil, so fertilization is a must. Watering should be sufficient, since with a lack of moisture, the berries simply will not grow. Overall, this is my favorite strawberry variety and produces a large and tasty harvest.

We have 5 different varieties of strawberries at our dacha, but Chamora Turusi is the most fragrant. And this berry is always surprising in size - up to 100 grams is, just like an apple! The bushes give different yields, but in a good year it can be up to 3 kg per bush. It begins to ripen in mid-July, but not amicably. This is good for us, since the berries are eaten at first - everyone likes how this strawberry smells and the taste is also wonderful - there is little acid, more sweetness, reminiscent of wild strawberries.
Until the bushes were tended, the harvest was less. Then they began to apply fertilizers - only organic matter - mullein solution or humus. We bring it in in early spring, before the flowering of the bushes. We do not subject the bushes to other processing. We also do weeding all summer and mulch the soil - we noticed that the yield has become slightly higher.
Strawberry loves watering. If it is very hot, then we practice watering 2 times a week. If you water it badly, then the berry will be dry and hollow inside, but you don't need to pour it either - it will be watery and shallow. During the spring and summer, I regularly trim my mustache with pruning shears - the thickening of the site also leads to the crumbling of the berries. For preserves and jams - a great variety.


Strawberry Chamora Turusi variety description

The medium-late winter-hardy strawberry variety Chamora Turusi is very picky about agricultural technology and agricultural background.More precisely, it gives good, albeit smaller, berries with almost any care, on almost any soil. In order to unleash its full potential, Chamora Turusi strawberries need:

  • In uniform watering (the soil must always be moist)
  • In fertilizers (must be applied at least in spring and autumn)
  • In the sun (the sunnier the summer, the sweeter the berries)
  • Removing the whiskers if the bush is left for harvest (there are many mustaches)
  • Each bush must be provided with a food area of ​​at least 0.2 square meters. m
  • For normal air exchange, it is enough to mulch the bed, then the problem of loosening is removed.

If you provide all this to the Chamora Turusi strawberry bush, it will bring from one to three kilograms of the most fragrant berries. In the Moscow region, fruiting will begin no earlier than mid-July.

  • The typical size of berries is 70-80 g. Smaller, 35-40 g, they are poorly cared for, in thickened plantings, on old bushes. The largest 110-150 g are obtained in the first or second year.
  • Chamora Turusi strawberries are bright red in color. Often she is not allowed to ripen, because ripe berries cannot be overexposed on the bush, in order to avoid gray rot.
  • The shape of the first berries is an uneven crest, then the shape changes to a wide cone shape.
  • Achenes are light, buried (with a lack of any necessary component, achenes, designed for a large fruit, are unevenly and ugly distributed in a small one)
  • Strong aroma like wild strawberry
  • The berries will be softer or more dense depending on the rain and sun
  • If the weather was favorable, Chamory Turusi can be stored for up to several days and is well transported. If you want to buy Chamora Turusi strawberries to sell your harvest, you are out of luck in a rainy summer. And such a moment, it is impossible to transport in a bucket and deep containers, since the lower berries will be crumpled.


Description

In terms of ripening, the variety is classified as medium-late or late. Depending on the agroclimatic and weather conditions, the intensity of plant care, the first berries begin to ripen in the second half of June (in Belarus and Ukraine), from mid-July (in central Russia) or from late July - early August (in the northern regions). The fruiting period is extended and with regular abundant watering can last from 1 to 2 months.

Large sizes are typical not only for berries, but also for other parts of the plant: leaves, flowers, peduncles, whiskers.

The bushes are vigorous, with a powerful root system, densely leafy, spreading. The leaves are large, bright green in color (during the fruiting period they become lighter), shiny, rather soft. The whiskers grow back intensively and give a large number of daughter rosettes, which quickly take root. This provides excellent breeding opportunities, but results in planting thickening quickly. Peduncles are thick (with a diameter of a pencil), strong and tall. On the bushes of the first year, only one peduncle usually forms, on which several huge berries ripen (weighing up to 150 g). In the 2-3rd year, the number of peduncles increases to 10-15, and the mass of the berries decreases slightly (on average, 80-130 g), under their weight, the peduncles lie to the ground.

Berries

"Chamora Turusi" is distinguished by the simultaneous filling and ripening of berries, which lasts 4-7 days. Therefore, regular watering during the fruiting period is important for her. With a lack of moisture, the fruits do not have time to gain in size and ripen, partially withering. According to gardeners, the taste of berries does not suffer from this, on the contrary, they become even sweeter and more aromatic.

Ripe berries are colored red with a dark (crimson or terracotta) shade, the top often remains lighter

The fruits are fleshy and elastic, heterogeneous in shape: there are round, conical, comb-like, with folds and irregularities. With minimal care, the average weight is 30-80 g, and with intensive care - up to 110-150 g. The pulp is red, juicy and sweet, with a white core, sometimes with small internal cavities near the stalk. Strawberry "Chamora Turusi", according to gardeners, has an excellent taste and a pronounced strawberry aroma. Tasting score - 4.5 points (out of 5). Purpose - universal: berries are used fresh, for the preparation and decoration of various desserts, processing and home preservation, freezing.

The harmonious taste and rich aroma of “Chamora Turusi” strawberries have ensured its reputation as a delicious berry.

The texture of the berries is quite dense, which allows them to be transported and stored for a long time (from 5-7 days to 2 months) in cool conditions without loss of quality.

Productivity

Under favorable conditions and intensive care, the variety is able to maintain high productivity in one place for 10-12 years. The peak yield is observed in the 2-3rd year of vegetation, on average 1.2-1.5 kg of berries are harvested from the bush (some gardeners report record rates of up to 3 kg).

Strawberry seedlings "Chamora Turusi" take root and grow very quickly and in 2-3 months after spring planting they are capable of bearing fruit

Due to the good survival rate, seedlings can begin bearing fruit in the first year when planting in the spring, but experts advise removing flower stalks from them in order to achieve maximum results for the next season. After 5-6 years, the size of the berries and the duration of fruiting (respectively, and the yield indicators) begin to decrease. At this time, it is necessary to provide the bushes with phosphorus-potassium fertilizing or to rejuvenate the plantings by laying a berry plant in an area with more fertile soil.

Sustainability

The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and tolerates frosts from -18 to -35 ℃ (according to various sources). He relates much worse to heat and droughts, some gardeners believe that without drip irrigation, the cultivation of "Chamora" does not make sense at all. Excess moisture also negatively affects the condition of plants and the taste of fruits, provokes the development of fungal diseases and rot. For the prevention of diseases and pests, experts recommend that at the beginning of the flowering period and after fruiting, treatment with fungicidal and insecticidal preparations is carried out.


Landing

A strawberry bed is laid out in a well-lit place. Preference is given to fertile loose soils without stagnant water. The Chamora Turusi strawberry variety can be planted in 2 terms: in the fall - in August or in early spring - in April.

  1. A bed for planting strawberries is prepared in advance - 2-3 weeks for an autumn planting, or from autumn - for a spring planting.
  2. The site is cleared of weeds, dug up, carefully choosing the roots of perennial plants. For 1 m2 of beds, 7-8 kg are applied. humus or compost. The mineral composition of the soil is enriched with wood ash in the amount of 0.5 liters. per 1 m2
  3. Seedlings are planted in rows with an interval between plants of 60 cm, the row spacing is left 80 cm.
  4. The planting of the cuttings is carried out without deepening the central outlet. Plants are well watered and mulched.

Planting strawberries with mulching the beds improves the survival rate of cuttings. Plants can do almost without watering. The garden bed does not require weeding and loosening.

Attention! An important advantage of growing on mulch is that during the fruiting period, heavy berries do not come into contact with the ground, do not rot and do not get dirty.

Straw, sawdust, dry leaves, weeds, wood chips, etc. are used as the mulch layer. Organic mulch in the garden bed can be replaced with a cover made of spunbond or similar non-woven material.


How to properly care for the "Chamora Turusi" variety so that strawberries give a good harvest

As already mentioned, garden strawberries prefer moderately moist soil. It is best to grow it on a drip irrigation system, but you can do without it.

Organization of watering

In the spring, old mulch and last year's foliage are removed from the beds. In late April or early May, depending on the weather, you can water the garden bed with warm water. One strawberry bush consumes up to 0.5 liters of water. During this period, it is enough to moisten the soil once a week. If the weather is rainy, then the bushes will have enough natural moisture.

In summer, watering is more plentiful, especially in the heat and at the time of the formation of berries. Daily watering is sometimes allowed, but try not to get on the leaves of the plant. It is better to water strawberries from a watering can, a hose or a drip system.

Advice! Top dressing in the first two years can be omitted if the beds have been prepared properly.

At the end of fruiting, the bushes need pruning to reduce the risk of disease and pests. Pruning shears remove not only the leaves, but also the mustache. The "heart" of the bush, that is, the point of growth is left intact. Until autumn, the bushes will grow young leaves with which they will winter. After pruning, the beds are loosened, trying not to damage the root system of the plants, a new layer of peat, sawdust or straw is poured. This technique helps to retain moisture in the soil.

This is what a strawberry looks like after pruning.

After the second year of cultivation, top dressing is used so that the berry does not become smaller, and the bushes continue to develop well.

Garden strawberries are fed in several stages:

• before setting flower buds in spring

• at the time of the formation of the ovary

The first time they feed strawberries in the spring, after harvesting the garden. At this moment, it is better to apply fertilizers with a share of nitrogen, so that the bushes start growing and grow enough foliage.

With the appearance of the ovary, they switch to phosphorus-potassium supplements. This can be an ash solution. It not only improves the taste of the berries, but also promotes their ripening.

After harvesting, they are fed with nitrophos and mullein. For the winter, the garden bed is mulched with humus or manure.


Seeds of this variety are not found on sale. The best seedlings are obtained from mother bushes, from which peduncles are removed, and the plant gives nutrients to the mustache. The overgrown bush itself is also divided in the spring. All the buds are cut from spring seedlings so that the bush takes root.

The Chamora Turusi strawberry, a high-yielding variety with delicious berries, is consistently popular. For breeding, you need to purchase bushes from reliable sellers. After proper preparation of the soil, adhering to the requirements of agricultural technology, they receive a plentiful harvest.


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